Ingredients Jump to Instructions ↓

  1. 20 whole cloves garlic , peeled

  2. 1/4 cup olive oil

  3. 1/4 pound unsalted butter , at room temperature

  4. 3/4 tsp. salt

  5. 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper

  6. 1 tablespoon chopped fresh tarragon

  7. 2 lemons One

  8. 3 1/2-pounds chicken

  9. 1 bunch flat-leaf parsley (including stems), chopped coarse

  10. 2 carrots , chopped

  11. 1 large onion , chopped

  12. 3 ribs celery , chopped

  13. 1/2 pound mushrooms, trimmed and quartered

  14. 1 cup homemade or low-salt canned chicken stock

  15. 3 tablespoons madeira

Instructions Jump to Ingredients ↑

  1. Heat the oven to 250 degrees F. Put the garlic cloves and olive oil in an ovenproof container and roast for 1 hour; the cloves should be very soft. Remove the garlic cloves from the oil and set them aside to cool for about 15 min.; reserve the oil. Turn up the oven to 375 degrees F. Put the garlic cloves, butter, salt, and pepper in a food processor; purée until smooth. Transfer the garlic butter to a bowl; stir in the tarragon. Allow the butter to cool to about the same temperature as the chicken, but don't let it harden. Grate the zest from one of the lemons and then juice it; set the zest and juice aside. Cut the other lemon into 1/4-inch slices. Stuff the chicken with garlic butter--Rinse the chicken inside and out; pat dry. Start loosening the skin over the breast with your fingers. Go slowly and carefully to avoid tearing the skin. Work your fingers all the way to the thigh joint. Scoop up some of the garlic butter with your fingers and begin smearing it under the skin, starting at the furthest point in the chicken and working your way toward the front. Be sure you get the butter underneath the skin of the legs and breast. Pat the skin back into place. Salt and pepper the inside of the chicken and stuff some of the parsley, carrots, onion, and celery in its cavity. Tuck the wings under the chicken and tie the legs together. Scatter the remaining parsley, carrots, onion, and celery in the roasting pan with the lemon slices. Set the chicken on top, breast side up; sprinkle with more salt and pepper. Roast for 40 min., basting occasionally with 1 Tbs. of the reserved garlic oil. Turn the oven up to 425 degrees F. Turn the bird over and sprinkle it with salt and pepper. Continue roasting for another 25 to 30 min., basting the chicken with its juices. When the internal temperature reaches 170 degrees F, or the thigh juices run clear, remove the bird from the pan and let it sit on a platter, covered with foil to keep it warm. Begin making the sauce--While the chicken roasts, pour the remaining garlic oil into a medium frying pan and set it over medium-high heat. When the oil is hot, add the mushrooms. Turn the heat to high and sauté the mushrooms until browned, about 8 min. Remove from the heat but keep warm. Set the roasting pan, with the vegetables and juices, on the stove over medium heat. Spoon off as much fat as you can. Add the chicken stock and lemon juice and bring to a boil. Let the sauce boil for 5 min. to concentrate its flavors. Strain the sauce, pressing out all the juices from the solids. Degrease the sauce and set aside. Return the mushrooms to medium-high heat. When the pan is hot, add the Madeira, let it bubble briefly, and add the sauce and lemon zest. Serve with the chicken.


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